ADDIS ABABA

Addis Ababa is the Federal Capital of Ethiopia between 8055' and 9005' North Latitude and Between 38040' and 38050' East Longitude.
The city of Addis Ababa is the seat of the African Union (AU) and the United Nations Economic Commissions for Africa (UNECO).

Total Land Area
54,000 hectares

Population
More than 3 million

Date of Establishment:
November, 1887. (Emperor Menelik II and Empress Taitu)

The City of Addis Ababa is 2500 meters above the sea level and has a moderate weather conditions. October to May is the dry season and June to September being the rainy season. It is comfortable with low humidity in the dry season, which is the best time to visit. The city has no vector-born tropical diseases. There are several world class hotels and conference centres such as Hilton, Sheraton; the first African hotel to join The Luxury Collection.Cuisines serving are highly calibrated with international dishes. Bole International Airport connects the city to every part of the world. Nairobi is the central for East Africa, however there are more flights to and from Addis Ababa than Nairobi.

There are reasonable health and educational services such as public and private clinics, health centres and hospitals; and schools, colleges and universities.

The economic activities in Addis Ababa are diverse. According to official statistics from the federal government, some 119,197 people in the city are engaged in trade and commerce; 113,977 in manufacturing and industry; 80,391 homemakers of different variety; 71,186 in civil administration; 50,538 in transport and communication; 42,514 in education, health and social services; 32,685 in hotel and catering services; and 16,602 in agriculture. In addition to the residents of rural parts of Addis Ababa, the city dwellers also participate in animal husbandry and cultivation of gardens. Currently 677 hectares of land is irrigated annually, on which 129,880 quintals of vegetables are cultivated.

Many poor Ethiopians from the rural areas come to Addis Ababa as beggars and fill some of the streets. Recently, the number of beggars declined after a government and NGO attempt to move some of them and provide education and jobs. It is a relatively clean and safe city, with the most common crimes being pick pocketing, scams and minor burglary. The city has recently been in a construction boom with tall buildings rising in many places. Also, various luxury services have become available and the construction of shopping malls and ultra modern office buildings have recently increased. Some people have labeled the city, "the spa capital of Africa."

MERKATO (Market):
Merkato is the largest open air market in Africa, covering several square miles and employing an estimated 13,000 people in 7,100 business entities. It was established at the time of the Italian occupation in 1940's and was the place for Arabic mecrhandisers.

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